Dr. Milena Slavcheva


Senior Researcher


Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Institute of Information and Communication Technologies

Linguistic Modeling Department



Contact details: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences                                                               

                        Institute of Information and Communication Technologies

                        Linguistic Modeling Department

                        2, Acad. G. Bonchev St.

                        1113 Sofia, BULGARIA                                                                         


                         Phone: +359 2 979 3269

                         E-mail: milena AT lml DOT bas DOT bg


Expertise summary

*    building formal models of language for software applications

*     production of language resources: lexicons and corpora


Research and development experience

*     Semantic structures: lexical semantics, verb semantics, predicate-argument structure, event modeling, conceptual modeling, object-oriented modeling

*     Syntactic structures: shallow parsing, verb-centred structures, verb classification

*     Production and processing of text corpora: markup standards (XML, TEI, CES)

*     Production of lexical resources

*     Constraint-based syntactic theories and formalisms (HPSG)

*     Morphosyntactic annotation

*     Standardization

*     Project management



*     Bulgarian (native)

*     English (excellent)

*     Hungarian (excellent)

*     French (good)

*     Russian (good)

*     German (basics)




Edited volumes

*     Petya Osenova, Stelios Piperidis, Milena Slavcheva and Cristina Vertan (eds.). 2012. Adaptation of Language Resources and Tools for Processing Cultural    Heritage Objects, Proceedings of international workshop, LREC 2012, Istanbul, Turkey

*    Cristina Vertan, Milena Slavcheva, Petya Osenova and Stelios Piperidis (eds.). 2011. Language Technologies for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage, Proceedings of international workshop, RANLP 2011, INCOMA, Shoumen, Bulgaria

*     Stelios Piperidis, Milena Slavcheva and Cristina Vertan (eds.). 2010. Exploitation of Multilingual Resources and Tools for Central and (South-)Eastern European Languages, Proceedings of international workshop, LREC 2010, Valletta, Malta

*     Cristina Vertan, Stelios Piperidis, Elena Paskaleva and Milena Slavcheva (eds.). 2009. Multilingual Resources, Technologies and Evaluation for Central and Eastern European Languages. Proceedings of international workshop, RANLP 2009, INCOMA, Shoumen, Bulgaria

*     Elena Paskaleva and Milena Slavcheva (eds.). 2007. A Common Natural Language Processing Paradigm  for Balkan Languages, Proceedings of international workshop, RANLP 2007, INCOMA Ltd., Shoumen, Bulgaria

*     Milena Slavcheva, Galia Angelova and Kiril Simov (eds.). 2006. Readings in Multilinguality, INCOMA, Shoumen, Bulgaria


PhD Dissertation

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2011. Semantic Descriptors of the Reflexive Forms of Verb Structures in Contemporary Bulgarian, French and Hungarian. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Sofia (in Bulgarian). Summary and Reviews

*     A brief summary in English of my dissertation is available here




*     Milena Slavcheva. 2012. Mapping a Lexical Semantic Resource to a Common Framework of Computational Lexicons, In: Petr Sojka, Ales Horak, Ivan Kopecek and Karel Pala (Eds.). TSD 2012, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 7499, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, pp. 150-157.

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2012. The Role of Semantic Roles in an Object-Oriented Model of Verb Semantics, Littera et lingua, Autumn 2012, “St. Kliment OhridskiUniversity of Sofia (in Bulgarian)  see here

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2011. A Semantic Model of Bulgarian Reflexive Verbs and Their Hungarian Equivalents, In: Yonka Naydenova (ed.) Translation and Hungarian Culture, Iztok-Zapad Publishing House, Sofia, pp. 238-255 (in Bulgarian).

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2010. Eventity Type Taxonomy for a Lexical Semantic Knowledge Base, In Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Lexis and Grammar,  Dusko Vitas and Cvetana Krstev (eds.), Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, pp.311-320.

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2010. “Verb Predicates: Concepts, Model Elements and Lexicon Structures”, In: Michele De Gioia (Ed.) Actes du « 27e Colloque international sur le lexique et la grammaire », Seconde partie, Collection “Lingue d’Europa e del Mediterraneo. Grammatica comparata”, 1, Aracne, Roma, Italy

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2008. “Thinking in Objects”: Towards an Infrastructure for Semantic Representation of Verb-Centred Structures.” In: Petr Sojka, Ales Horak, Ivan Kopecek and Karel Pala (Eds.). TSD 2008, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 5246, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, pp. 193-200

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2007. “Linking Reflexive Verb Structure to Verb Meaning in a Cross-Lingual Lexical Setting”, In: Proceedings of  International Conference ‘Lexis and Grammar 2007’, Bonifacio, Corse, France, pp. 153-160

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2006. “Building Cross-Lingual Semantic Components: The Case of Reflexives” In: Slavcheva, M., Angelova, G., Simov, K. (Eds.) Readings in Multilinguality, INCOMA, Shoumen, Bulgaria, pp.117-124

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2006. “Semantic Representation of Events: Building a Semantic Primes Component.” In: Petr Sojka, Ivan Kopecek and Karel Pala (Eds.). TSD 2006, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4188, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, pp. 245-252

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2006. “Semantic Descriptors: The Case of Reflexive Verbs.” In: Proceedings of LREC 2006, Genoa, Italy, pp. 1009-1014

*     Milena Slavcheva. “Automatic Processing of Reflexive Structures in Bulgarian, Slavic Studies and Society, Heron Press, Sofia, (2006), pp. 261-267. (in Bulgarian)

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2004. “Verb Valency Descriptors for a Syntactic Treebank.” In: Proceedings of LREC 2004, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 1153-1156

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003. “Integrating a Verb Lexicon into a Syntactic Treebank Production.” In: Nivre, J., Hinrichs, E. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories, Series: Mathematical Modelling in Physics, Engineering and Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 9, Vaxjo University Press, Sweden, pp. 165-176

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003. “Extracting Verb Complex Structures in Bulgarian.” In: Cunningham, H., Paskaleva, E., Bontcheva, K., Angelova, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Workshop on Information Extraction for  Slavonic and Other Central and Eastern European Languages, RANLP 2003, Borovets, Bulgaria, pp. 94-101

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003. “Some Aspects of the Morphological Processing of Bulgarian.” In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Morphological Processing of Slavic Languages, EACL 2003, Budapest, Hungary, pp.71-77

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003. “Corpus Shallow Parsing: Meeting Point between Paradigmatic Knowledge Encoding and Syntagmatic Pattern Matching.” In: Archer, D., Rayson, P., Wilson, A., McEnery, T. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 Conference, UCREL Technical Paper number 16. Special issue, Lancaster, UK, pp. 706-713

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003.  Language Technology and Bulgarian Language: Classificational Model of the Verb.“ In: Slavistics at the Beginning of the 21 Century – Traditions and Expectations, SEMARSH Publishing House, Sofia, pp. 209-216 (in Bulgarian)

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2002. “Segmentation Layers in the Group of the Predicate: a Case Study of Bulgarian within the BulTreeBank Framework.” In: Proceedings of the International Workshop “Treebanks and Linguistic Theories”, September 2002, Sozopol, Bulgaria, pp. 199-210

*     Kiril Simov, Petya Osenova, Milena Slavcheva, Sia Kolhovska, Elisaveta Balabanova, Dimitar Doikov, Krasimira Ivanova, Alexander Simov and Milen Kouylekov. 2002. “Building a Linguistically Interpreted Corpus of Bulgarian: the BulTreeBank”. In: Proceedings of LREC 2002, Canary Islands, Spain, pp. 1729-1736

*     Kiril Simov, Milena Slavcheva and Petya Osenova. 2001. “Why Not in Bulgarian?” In: PC World, October 2001, pp. 33-36 (in Bulgarian)

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2000. “The Challenge of Parallel Text Processing.” In: Sojka et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Text, Speech and Dialogue – TSD’2000. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1902, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, pp. 133-138

*     Milena Slavcheva and Boyanka Zaharieva. 1998. “TENCO: Automatic Text Encoder.” In: Sojka et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the First Workshop on Text, Speech, Dialogue (TSD'98), Brno, Czech Republic, pp. 119-122

*     Milena Slavcheva. 1996. “Some Aspects of the Application of HPSG Binding Theory to Bulgarian.” In: Proceedings of International Conference ‘25 Anniversary of University of  Shumen, Shumen, Bulgaria

*     Milena Slavcheva. 1994. Verbs at the Entrance to a Formal Syntactic Model“. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium ‘Methodology of Mathematical Modeling, Sofia, pp. 193-195

*     Elena Paskaleva, Kiril Simov, Mariana Damova and Milena Slavcheva. 1993. The Long Journey from the Core to the Real Size of a Large LDB“. In: Proceedings of ACL Workshop ‘Acquisition of Lexical Knowledge from Text’, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 161-169

*     Kiril Simov, Elena Paskaleva, Mariana Damova and Milena Slavcheva. 1992. “MORPHO-ASSISTANT: Knowledge-Based System for Bulgarian Morphology“. In: Proceedings of the Third Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing, Trento, Italy



*     Milena Slavcheva. 2012. “Specifying Participants Behaviour in Generalized Eventity Frames”. International Conference on Concept Types and Frames (CTF’12), Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany, pp. 77-80

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2002. “Interaction between Shallow Parsing Strategies and Deeper Linguistic Analysis: a Case Study of Complex Verb Forms in Bulgarian”. In: Fourth Conference on Formal Approaches to South Slavic and Balkan Languages, November 15-17, ETO Publishing House, Sofia, pp. 30-31

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2002. “Defining Meaningful Patterns in the Group of the Predicate.” 7th TELRI Seminar, September 26-29, Dubrovnik, Croatia, pp. 14-15

*     Milena Slavcheva. 1998. “Some Reflections on Voice and Diathesis.” Workshop on Comparative Slavic Morphosyntax ‘The State of the Art’, Spencer, Indiana, USA, pp. 7-9

*     Milena Slavcheva and Boyanka Zaharieva. 1998. “Standardization and Automation in the Production and Management of Electronic Text Resources.” In: De Smedt, K., Apollon, D. (Eds.) The Future of the Humanities in the Digital Age: Problems and Perspectives for Humanities Education and Research, Bergen, Norway, pp. 81-82


Reports and seminar presentations

*     Kiril Simov, Petya Osenova and Milena Slavcheva. 2004. “BTB-TR03: BulTreeBank Morphosyntactic Tagset.“ BulTreeBank Project Technical Report No.3, Sofia, Bulgaria See here

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003. “Some Aspects of the Interoperability of Annotation Schemes.” Seminar of Equipe langue et dialogue, May 26, LORIA, Nancy

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2003. “Compound Verb Forms: Shallow Parsing and Deep Linguistic Analysis.” Technical Report. BulTreeBank Project, Sofia, Bulgaria

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2000. “Part-of-Speech Tagging, Alignment, and Production of Text Documents in a Standardized Format“, GeFRePac Project, IDS, Mannheim, Germany

*     Milena Slavcheva. 1999. “ELAN Language Resource Validation“, ELAN Project, W.P. 2.3, Report D2.2.4, IDS, Mannheim, Germany

*     Milena Slavcheva. 1997. “A Comparative Representation of Two Bulgarian Morphosyntactic Tagsets and the EAGLES Encoding Standard“, TELRI I COPERNICUS Concerted Action 1202, Working Group 3 "Morphosyntactic Annotation" See here

*     Milena Slavcheva and Elena Paskaleva. 1997. “Application to Bulgarian. A contribution to the EAGLES Synopsis and Comparison of Morphosyntactic Phenomena Encoded in Lexicons and Corpora. A Common Proposal and  Applications to European Languages.“ TELRI I COPERNICUS Concerted Action 1202, Working Group 3 "Morphosyntactic Annotation" See here


Book reviews

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2008. Book review: Bazenga, Aline Maria Pinguinha França (2007) Aspects de la syntaxe, de la sémantique et de la morphologie des verbes à /complexité/, Series: Linguistics Edition 61, LINCOM GmbH, Muenhen. In : Linguist List, Issue 19.1004

*     Milena Slavcheva. 2002. Book review: Cann, R., C. Grover and P. Miller (ed.) (2000) Grammatical Interfaces in HPSG, CSLI Publications, Stanford, California, USA, Studies in Constraint-Based Lexicalism 8. In: Linguist List: Vol-12-1900

*    Milena Slavcheva. 1995. Book review: Kayne, Richard S. (1994) The Antisymmetry of Syntax. Linguistic Inquiry Monograph Twenty-Five. The MIT Press: Cambridge. In: Linguist List, Vol-6-1651



*     SemInVeSt: Infrastructure for Semantic Representation of Verb-Centred Structures

An infrastructure is developed for building cognitively motivated semantic descriptors of lexical structures. The infrastructure fosters the development of language resources which are highly varied, modular, multi-lingual, linguistically and computationally plausible. The linguistic knowledge organization is manifested by the component-driven population of SemInVeSt – a semantic knowledge base linked to verb-centred structures in a cross-lingual setting.


*     AsIsKnown (A semantic-based knowledge flow system for the European home textiles industry)

Funded within the Information Society Technologies (IST) Priority of the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) of the European Commission

My task: A terminological explanatory lexicon in Hungarian has been created, which is part of the equipment of ontology, containing definitions of all important concepts in the domain of home textile and related domains like furniture, architecture, etc. The lexicon consists of 2500 terminological entries supplied with definitions in Hungarian.


*     BIS-21++ (Bulgarian IST Centre of Competence in 21 Century)

      Funded within the Sixth Framework Programme, Priority 2 (IST), FP6-2004-ACC-SSA-2


*     BulTreeBank

HPSG-based syntactic treebank of Bulgarian
Funded by the Volkswagen Foundation


*     BIS-21 (Centre of Excellence in 21 Century)

WP5: Knowledge-based tools for linguistic research


*     TELRI (Trans-European Language Resources Infrastructure)

INCO-Copernicus Concerted Action


*     ELAN (European Language Activity Network)

MLIS Project


*     BILEDITA (Bilingual Electronic Dictionaries and Text Alignment)

Copernicus'94 JRP


*     CLOSSER (Support of Second Language Acquisition and Learning from Aligned Corpora)

Copernicus'94 JRP


*     Formal model of Bulgarian morphology and large lexical knowledge base of Bulgarian



Last updated 26 March 2013